10 Interesting the English Civil War Facts
If you are attracted to know more about the history of England, look at The English Civil War Facts. It was a war between Charles I and parliament. Charles I got the position as a king after the death of Prince of Wales. He was the elder brother of Charles I. Prince of Wales died when he was 18 years old because of typhoid.
The English Civil War Facts 1: how did Charles I rule?
On 27th March 1625, Charles I got the throne for ruling Great Britain and Ireland. He controlled the kingdom without a parliament because he believed that he was a representative of God. He called himself as Divine Right of Kings.
The English Civil War Facts 2: the taxes
The taxes were very heavy during his reign because the king did not get the money from the parliament. Many people were angered over him due to the unpopular policy related to taxes.
The English Civil War Facts 3: the relationship with parliament
The relationship between Charles I and the parliament was not good. The dispute between them occurred in 1640 and 1641 where both had their own arguments.
The English Civil War Facts 4: the intention of parliament
The parliament had the intention to decrease the power of Charles I and controlled the government.
The English Civil War Facts 5: try to kill the members of parliament
Since Charles I did not like the members of parliament, he tried to accuse them for treason. He arrested five members on January 4, 1642. But they could escape.
The English Civil War Facts 6: the civil war
Because of his unpopular decision, the civil war broke out. It was a war between the supporters of the king called the Cavaliers and the supporters of parliament called the Roundheads.
The English Civil War Facts 7: the leaders
Charles I was the leader for the cavaliers. On the other hand, Oliver Cromwell was the leader of Roundheads. Find facts about Oliver Cromwell here.
The English Civil War Facts 8: the support
The king was supported by the people in the west and north of the country. Oliver Cromwell and his parliament were supported by southeast and London.
The English Civil War Facts 9: the first battle
On 23rd October 1642, the first major battle between the Cavaliers and Roundheads broke out. The battle site was located at Edgehill.
The English Civil War Facts 10: New Model Army
In 1645, a New Model Army was formed by Roundheads. The face, neck and head of New Model Army were protected by the lobster pot helmet. Get facts about King Charles 1st here.
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