10 Interesting the Tuskegee Airmen Facts
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts tell the readers about the group of the African American pilots who battled in the Second World War II. The pilots included in the bombers and fighters. That is not the official name. In the United States Africa Forces, the African-American pilots served on the 477th Bombardment Group and 332nd Fighter Group. Let us check other interesting facts about the Tuskegee Airmen below:
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 1: the name
Actually, the term Tuskegee Airmen was not only used to call the pilots, but also the people who supported the pilots such as the crew chiefs, mechanics, bombardiers, navigators, cooks, nurses and instructors.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 2: the training
The training for all African American military pilots was located at Moton Field. They got their education at Tuskegee University.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 3: the members of the group
The Haitian Air Force was included in Tuskegee Airmen. They included Eberle Guilbaud, Ludovic Audant, Alix Pasquet, Pelissier Nicolas and Raymond Cassagnol.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 4: 99th Pursuit Squadron
99th Pursuit Squadron is considered as the first black flying squadron. Later it was called 99th Fighter Squadron. In April 1943, the squadron was first deployed in North Africa.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 5: the first black flying group
The first black flying group was 332nd Fighter Group.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 6: 477th Bombardment Group
477th Bombardment Group never had a combat even though the group trained with North American B-25 Mitchell bombers.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 7: the initial equipment
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter-bomber aircraft was the initial equipment for 99th Fighter Squadron. In March 1944, Bell P-39 Airacobras was used for 332nd Fighter Group. In June to July 1944, the group had Republic P-47 Thunderbolts. In July 1944, the North American P-51 Mustang was used for their aircraft.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 8: Red Tail
The term Red Tail was coined after the tail of P-47s and P-51s were painted in red by the 332 Fighter Group. Check facts about the Roman Army here.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 9: Jim Crow Laws
The Jim Crow Laws were still applied in United States. Therefore, the African American pilots were racially discriminated during the Second World War. Check facts about the Mary Rose here.
The Tuskegee Airmen Facts 10: the red marking of P-51s
P-51s were associated with Tuskegee Airmen because they had distinctive red marking located on the red rudder and red bands for the noses.
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