10 Interesting Yeast Facts
Yeast Facts give the information about single-celled microorganisms. The scientists have identified around 1,500 species of yeast today. The first yeast was dated back hundreds of million years ago. Yeast is included in fungus kingdom. It is not a plant. Of all described fungal species, yeast only accounts for 1 percent. You will know more about yeast if you read the details below:
Yeast Facts 1: the size of yeast
Can you define the size of yeast? The environment and species will affect the sizes of yeasts. Most of them have the diameter of 3–4 µm. Under specific circumstances, some of them can reach the size of 40 µm.
Yeast Facts 2: the reproduction
The reproduction of yeast is conducted by having mitosis. They perform the asexual reproduction. Some of them also do budding to reproduce.
Yeast Facts 3: Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an example of yeast species. It has the ability to convert carbohydrates to alcohols and carbon dioxide during fermentation process.
Yeast Facts 4: the usage of yeast
Due to its ability in the conversion, yeast has been used to create alcoholic beverages and baking over the course of history. Get facts about Eubacteria here.
Yeast Facts 5: researches
Many scientists are interested to conduct researches about yeast. Not all of them are good for us. Candida albicans is one of the yeasts, which may lead into human infection.
Yeast Facts 6: other uses of yeast
It is very surprising to know that the biofuel industry uses yeast to generate ethanol. Moreover, it is also used in microbial fuel cells to produce electricity.
Yeast Facts 7: growth of yeast
The growth of yeast does not depend on sunlight. The primary source of energy for yeast to grow is from the organic compounds. Therefore, they are included as chemoorganotrophs. The best place to grow yeast is in the environment with neutral or acidic pH. Look at facts about virus here.
Yeast Facts 8: the temperature
The temperature also affects the growth of yeast. Saccharomyces telluris grows well at the temperature of 5 to 35 degree C. On the other hand, Leucosporidium frigidum likes the temperature at −2 to 20 degrees C. Candida slooffi grows at the temperature of 28 to 45 degrees C.
Yeast Facts 9: in laboratory
When people want to grow yeast in their laboratory, the liquid broth and solid growth media are used.
Yeast Facts 10: Dekkera/Brettanomyces
A genus of yeast mainly used to produce the specialty sour ales is Dekkera/Brettanomyces.
Are you fascinated after reading facts about yeast?